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Genus (i.e. Fucus)
Species (i.e. Gardneri)
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Phylum (i.e. Ochrophyta)
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The following lists general publications that were used for seaweed identifications and others that you may find helpful. To find references on a specific taxon please go to their detailed descriptions.


Abbott, I.A. and G.J. Hollenberg (1976).  Marine Algae of California. Stanford, AC: Stanford University Press. 827 pages.

Druehl, L.D. (2000). Pacific Seaweeds: A Guide to Common Seaweeds of the West Coast. Harbour Publishing, BC Canada. 190 pages.

Gabrielson, P.W., T.B. Widdowson, S.C. Lindstrom, M.W. Hawkes and R.F. Scagel (2000). Keys to the Benthic Marine Algae and Seagrasses of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon.  Phycological Contribution no. 5. University of BC, Department of Botany. 187 pages.

Lamb, A. and B.P. Hanby (2005). Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest: A photographic Encyclopedia of Invertebrates, Seaweeds, and Selected Fishes. Harbour Publishing, BC Canada. 398 pages.

Mondragon, J. and J. Mondragon (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California. 96 pages.

O'Clair, R.M., S.C. Lindstrom and I.R. Brodo (1996). Southeast Alaska's Rocky Shores: Seaweeds and Lichens. Auke Bay, AK: Plant Press. 152 pages.

O'Clair, R.M. and S.C. Lindstrom (2000). North Pacific Seaweeds. Auke Bay, AK: Plant Press. 159 pages.

Scagel, R.F., P.W. Gabrielson, D.J. Garbary, L. Golden, M.W. Hawkes, S.C. Lindstrom, J.C. Oliveira and T.B. Widdowson (1989). A synopsis of the Benthic Marine Algae of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska, Washington and Oregon. Phycological Contribution no. 3. University of BC, Department of Botany. 532 pages. Reprinted 1993 with minor changes and corrections.


Algae.  Published by the Korean Society of Phycology.

Botanica Marina. Published by Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

European Journal of Phycology. Published by Taylor & Francis, Oxon, U.K..

Journal of Applied Phycology. Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.

Journal of Phycology. Published by Blackwell Publishing, Inc., Malden, Massachusetts.

Phycologia. Published by the International Phycological Society.

Phycological Research.  Published by the Japanese Society of Phycology.

Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. Published in Hydrobiologia by Dr. W. Junk Publishers.